Winter landscapes

 Red oak & American beech with buttressing roots.

Red oak tip up with soil profile visible.

The Sourlands don't appear to have the twelve foot deep soils of the prairie. 

Roots run across the top of the diabase boulder filled soil. Trees are tossed easily here, especially after the extreme weather of the past two summers -  two years ago extremely dry, killing many feeder roots and causing early dormancy for herbs and aborted fruit for many trees and shrubs; and this year past, very wet, soaking the soils so deeply that tree foliage yellowed and fruits rotted. Tree toppled in inundated soils, having who-knows how much less root mass than pre-drought. 

And, with that, my son is awake and happily chatting away in his crib.